Paneer is a non-melting cheese made from cows milk. It is used in Indian cooking as a protein, similar to how you would use tofu, but way better tasting. It can also be used in sweet dishes like Rasmalai l. It is very simple to make at home and tastes alot better then the packaged kind at the store. Honestly the measurements dont really matter, it all depends on how much you want to make. Its really a fun and almost magical process, making cheese at home. I was jumping for joy when I saw the curds separate for the first time! Enjoy
1. Whole Milk: Around a half gallon, you can use more or less depending on how much cheese you want
2. 1/4 cup of Vinegar, others use lemon juice but I find it to be slower to separate the curds.
1. In a large heavy bottom Pot heat the milk slowly. You dont want to boil or burn the milk, so make sure to stir it. You want to see the milk fat start to come to the surface a bit. Right when its about to boil turn it off and take it off the heat. Pour in the vinegar and stir it with a wooden spoon. If you dont see the curds separating you can add more vinegar. You will know it is working when you see a greenish tint and see solids develop.
2. Take a cheese cloth or thin cloth kitchen towel and drape it over a colander in the sink. Carefully pour the milk into the cloth so that the watery whey goes through leaving the curds behind in the cloth. Pour cold water over the curds to cool it down and rinse the vinegar taste out.
3. Wrap the cloth around itself, with the curds inside, in order to squeeze the moisture out. The more you squeeze, the firmer the resulting paneer shall be.
4. You can stop at step 3, but if you want firm paneer then continue on. Place a paper towel on a plate. Place the bundle of curds in the cloth on top of the paper towel. In the cloth arrange the curds in the shape and desired thickness you want, usually about an inch or so. Place a pot weighted down with water or an other heavy object. Let it sit for an hour or so on the cheese. Take off the pot and unwrap the panner. You will find a beautiful delicious round of homemade paneer, ready for any of your dishes.